The Mars migration, what you need to know.

Photo by Nicolas Lobos on Unsplash

Most of us have wondered or wonder what life is like on other planets. The concept of deep interstellar travel to us is still in its infancy, the moon landing of the 1960s is easily our greatest achievement in that arena. The idea of colonizing a different planet has been romanticized through the movies and literary works that we absorb. The harsh reality is that although interstellar migration may seem like an adventurous endeavour. It stems from the fact we have destroyed our home. Now we look to Mars.

What is Mars like?

Mars is the fourth planet from the sun. Its surface is rocky and consists of canyons and volcanoes. Secondly the planet has numerous craters that cover its surface, it does kind of looks like a nuclear testing ground. The red planet does have some characteristics much like earth. It contains clouds and winds. There is no proof that life ever existed on Mars however there is trace evidence that water once flowed on the red planet. This means that at a certain period, microorganisms did thrive on Mars, most probably during the Noachian period. In terms of gravity Mars’ gravity as compared to earth’s gravity, the gravity on Mars is relatively weaker. This means that Martian gravity is only a fraction of what we have on earth.

Nüwa, the capital city of Mars

Nüwa is essentially a city that will contain offices and residential areas. As a safety precaution to protect its residents from radiation the city will be built on a cliff face. However when it comes to oxygen, storing an oxygen supply to sustain a whole colony can be very expensive and not very sustainable. Plants will be largely responsible for the oxygen. Power will be essential considering the harsh temperatures on Mars, it will come from solar panels. Food and nourishment will be 90% plant-based hinting at the possibility agriculture on the planet.

Construction will begin in the year 2054 and will end in the year 2100. Only then will Mars be able to welcome its first colonists. It is highly likely that most of us living today will not live to see the first colony take on this pioneering journey.


Yes I know what you are thinking. The Mars migration will happen 7 decades from now that’s only 30 years shy of a century. It is likely that our descendants will be the ones who will make the trip or witness it. Perhaps you will opt for cryogenic freezing and choose to be thawed 100 years from now. Perhaps Elon Musk will come up with the solution to prevent aging. The world that we live in is full of endless possibilities. We don’t know what will happen in the next decade, all we can do is hope and wait.